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RFC 2612
The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm.
C. Adams, J. Gilchrist. June 1999.

 
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Network Working Group C. Adams Request for Comments: 2612 J. Gilchrist Category: Informational Entrust Technologies June 1999 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. Abstract There is always a desire in the Internet community for unencumbered encryption algorithms with a range of key sizes that can provide security for a variety of cryptographic applications and protocols. This document describes an existing algorithm that can be used to satisfy this requirement. Included are a description of the cipher and the key scheduling algorithm, the s-boxes, and a set of test vectors (Appendix A). Table of Contents Abstract........................................................1 1. Introduction.................................................2 2. CAST-256 Algorithm Specification.............................2 3. Cipher Naming................................................8 4. Cipher Usage.................................................8 5. Security Considerations......................................8 6. References...................................................9 7. Authors' Addresses...........................................9 Appendix A. Test Vectors.......................................10 Full Copyright Statement.......................................19 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 1]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 1. Introduction This document describes the CAST-256 encryption algorithm, a DES-like Substitution-Permutation Network (SPN) cryptosystem built upon the CAST-128 encryption algorithm [1] which appears to have good resistance to differential cryptanalysis, linear cryptanalysis, and related-key cryptanalysis. This cipher also possesses a number of other desirable cryptographic properties, including avalanche, Strict Avalanche Criterion (SAC), Bit Independence Criterion (BIC), no complementation property, and an absence of weak and semi-weak keys. It thus appears to be a good candidate for general-purpose use throughout the Internet community wherever a cryptographically- strong, freely-available encryption algorithm is required. CAST-256 has a block size of 128 bits and a variable key size (128, 160, 192, 224, or 256 bits). 2. CAST-256 Algorithm Specification 2.1 CAST-128 Notation The following notation from CAST-128 [1] is relevant to CAST-256. CAST-128 uses a pair of subkeys per round: a 5-bit quantity Kri is used as a "rotation" key for round i and a 32-bit quantity Kmi is used as a "masking" key for round i. Three different round functions are used in CAST-128. The rounds are as follows (where D is the data input to the operation, Ia - Id are the most significant byte through least significant byte of I, respectively, Si is the ith s-box (see Section 2.1.1 for s-box contents), and O is the output of the operation). Note that "+" and "-" are addition and subtraction modulo 2**32, "^" is bitwise eXclusive-OR, and "<<<" is the circular left-shift operation. Type 1: I = ((Kmi + D) <<< Kri) O = ((S1[Ia] ^ S2[Ib]) - S3[Ic]) + S4[Id] Type 2: I = ((Kmi ^ D) <<< Kri) O = ((S1[Ia] - S2[Ib]) + S3[Ic]) ^ S4[Id] Type 3: I = ((Kmi - D) <<< Kri) O = ((S1[Ia] + S2[Ib]) ^ S3[Ic]) - S4[Id] Let f1, f2, f3 be keyed round function operations of Types 1, 2, and 3 (respectively) above. Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 2]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 CAST-128 uses four round function substitution boxes (s-boxes), S1 - S4. These are defined as follows (entries -- written in hexadecimal notation -- are to be read left-to-right, top-to- bottom). 2.1.1 S-Boxes S-Box S1 30fb40d4 9fa0ff0b 6beccd2f 3f258c7a 1e213f2f 9c004dd3 6003e540 cf9fc949 bfd4af27 88bbbdb5 e2034090 98d09675 6e63a0e0 15c361d2 c2e7661d 22d4ff8e 28683b6f c07fd059 ff2379c8 775f50e2 43c340d3 df2f8656 887ca41a a2d2bd2d a1c9e0d6 346c4819 61b76d87 22540f2f 2abe32e1 aa54166b 22568e3a a2d341d0 66db40c8 a784392f 004dff2f 2db9d2de 97943fac 4a97c1d8 527644b7 b5f437a7 b82cbaef d751d159 6ff7f0ed 5a097a1f 827b68d0 90ecf52e 22b0c054 bc8e5935 4b6d2f7f 50bb64a2 d2664910 bee5812d b7332290 e93b159f b48ee411 4bff345d fd45c240 ad31973f c4f6d02e 55fc8165 d5b1caad a1ac2dae a2d4b76d c19b0c50 882240f2 0c6e4f38 a4e4bfd7 4f5ba272 564c1d2f c59c5319 b949e354 b04669fe b1b6ab8a c71358dd 6385c545 110f935d 57538ad5 6a390493 e63d37e0 2a54f6b3 3a787d5f 6276a0b5 19a6fcdf 7a42206a 29f9d4d5 f61b1891 bb72275e aa508167 38901091 c6b505eb 84c7cb8c 2ad75a0f 874a1427 a2d1936b 2ad286af aa56d291 d7894360 425c750d 93b39e26 187184c9 6c00b32d 73e2bb14 a0bebc3c 54623779 64459eab 3f328b82 7718cf82 59a2cea6 04ee002e 89fe78e6 3fab0950 325ff6c2 81383f05 6963c5c8 76cb5ad6 d49974c9 ca180dcf 380782d5 c7fa5cf6 8ac31511 35e79e13 47da91d0 f40f9086 a7e2419e 31366241 051ef495 aa573b04 4a805d8d 548300d0 00322a3c bf64cddf ba57a68e 75c6372b 50afd341 a7c13275 915a0bf5 6b54bfab 2b0b1426 ab4cc9d7 449ccd82 f7fbf265 ab85c5f3 1b55db94 aad4e324 cfa4bd3f 2deaa3e2 9e204d02 c8bd25ac eadf55b3 d5bd9e98 e31231b2 2ad5ad6c 954329de adbe4528 d8710f69 aa51c90f aa786bf6 22513f1e aa51a79b 2ad344cc 7b5a41f0 d37cfbad 1b069505 41ece491 b4c332e6 032268d4 c9600acc ce387e6d bf6bb16c 6a70fb78 0d03d9c9 d4df39de e01063da 4736f464 5ad328d8 b347cc96 75bb0fc3 98511bfb 4ffbcc35 b58bcf6a e11f0abc bfc5fe4a a70aec10 ac39570a 3f04442f 6188b153 e0397a2e 5727cb79 9ceb418f 1cacd68d 2ad37c96 0175cb9d c69dff09 c75b65f0 d9db40d8 ec0e7779 4744ead4 b11c3274 dd24cb9e 7e1c54bd f01144f9 d2240eb1 9675b3fd a3ac3755 d47c27af 51c85f4d 56907596 a5bb15e6 580304f0 ca042cf1 011a37ea 8dbfaadb 35ba3e4a 3526ffa0 c37b4d09 bc306ed9 98a52666 5648f725 ff5e569d 0ced63d0 7c63b2cf 700b45e1 d5ea50f1 85a92872 af1fbda7 d4234870 a7870bf3 2d3b4d79 42e04198 0cd0ede7 26470db8 f881814c 474d6ad7 7c0c5e5c d1231959 381b7298 f5d2f4db ab838653 6e2f1e23 83719c9e bd91e046 9a56456e dc39200c 20c8c571 962bda1c e1e696ff b141ab08 7cca89b9 1a69e783 02cc4843 a2f7c579 429ef47d 427b169c 5ac9f049 dd8f0f00 5c8165bf S-Box S2 1f201094 ef0ba75b 69e3cf7e 393f4380 fe61cf7a eec5207a 55889c94 72fc0651 ada7ef79 4e1d7235 d55a63ce de0436ba 99c430ef 5f0c0794 18dcdb7d a1d6eff3 a0b52f7b 59e83605 ee15b094 e9ffd909 dc440086 ef944459 ba83ccb3 e0c3cdfb d1da4181 3b092ab1 f997f1c1 a5e6cf7b 01420ddb e4e7ef5b 25a1ff41 e180f806 1fc41080 179bee7a d37ac6a9 fe5830a4 98de8b7f 77e83f4e 79929269 24fa9f7b e113c85b acc40083 d7503525 f7ea615f 62143154 0d554b63 5d681121 c866c359 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 3]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 3d63cf73 cee234c0 d4d87e87 5c672b21 071f6181 39f7627f 361e3084 e4eb573b 602f64a4 d63acd9c 1bbc4635 9e81032d 2701f50c 99847ab4 a0e3df79 ba6cf38c 10843094 2537a95e f46f6ffe a1ff3b1f 208cfb6a 8f458c74 d9e0a227 4ec73a34 fc884f69 3e4de8df ef0e0088 3559648d 8a45388c 1d804366 721d9bfd a58684bb e8256333 844e8212 128d8098 fed33fb4 ce280ae1 27e19ba5 d5a6c252 e49754bd c5d655dd eb667064 77840b4d a1b6a801 84db26a9 e0b56714 21f043b7 e5d05860 54f03084 066ff472 a31aa153 dadc4755 b5625dbf 68561be6 83ca6b94 2d6ed23b eccf01db a6d3d0ba b6803d5c af77a709 33b4a34c 397bc8d6 5ee22b95 5f0e5304 81ed6f61 20e74364 b45e1378 de18639b 881ca122 b96726d1 8049a7e8 22b7da7b 5e552d25 5272d237 79d2951c c60d894c 488cb402 1ba4fe5b a4b09f6b 1ca815cf a20c3005 8871df63 b9de2fcb 0cc6c9e9 0beeff53 e3214517 b4542835 9f63293c ee41e729 6e1d2d7c 50045286 1e6685f3 f33401c6 30a22c95 31a70850 60930f13 73f98417 a1269859 ec645c44 52c877a9 cdff33a6 a02b1741 7cbad9a2 2180036f 50d99c08 cb3f4861 c26bd765 64a3f6ab 80342676 25a75e7b e4e6d1fc 20c710e6 cdf0b680 17844d3b 31eef84d 7e0824e4 2ccb49eb 846a3bae 8ff77888 ee5d60f6 7af75673 2fdd5cdb a11631c1 30f66f43 b3faec54 157fd7fa ef8579cc d152de58 db2ffd5e 8f32ce19 306af97a 02f03ef8 99319ad5 c242fa0f a7e3ebb0 c68e4906 b8da230c 80823028 dcdef3c8 d35fb171 088a1bc8 bec0c560 61a3c9e8 bca8f54d c72feffa 22822e99 82c570b4 d8d94e89 8b1c34bc 301e16e6 273be979 b0ffeaa6 61d9b8c6 00b24869 b7ffce3f 08dc283b 43daf65a f7e19798 7619b72f 8f1c9ba4 dc8637a0 16a7d3b1 9fc393b7 a7136eeb c6bcc63e 1a513742 ef6828bc 520365d6 2d6a77ab 3527ed4b 821fd216 095c6e2e db92f2fb 5eea29cb 145892f5 91584f7f 5483697b 2667a8cc 85196048 8c4bacea 833860d4 0d23e0f9 6c387e8a 0ae6d249 b284600c d835731d dcb1c647 ac4c56ea 3ebd81b3 230eabb0 6438bc87 f0b5b1fa 8f5ea2b3 fc184642 0a036b7a 4fb089bd 649da589 a345415e 5c038323 3e5d3bb9 43d79572 7e6dd07c 06dfdf1e 6c6cc4ef 7160a539 73bfbe70 83877605 4523ecf1 S-Box S3 8defc240 25fa5d9f eb903dbf e810c907 47607fff 369fe44b 8c1fc644 aececa90 beb1f9bf eefbcaea e8cf1950 51df07ae 920e8806 f0ad0548 e13c8d83 927010d5 11107d9f 07647db9 b2e3e4d4 3d4f285e b9afa820 fade82e0 a067268b 8272792e 553fb2c0 489ae22b d4ef9794 125e3fbc 21fffcee 825b1bfd 9255c5ed 1257a240 4e1a8302 bae07fff 528246e7 8e57140e 3373f7bf 8c9f8188 a6fc4ee8 c982b5a5 a8c01db7 579fc264 67094f31 f2bd3f5f 40fff7c1 1fb78dfc 8e6bd2c1 437be59b 99b03dbf b5dbc64b 638dc0e6 55819d99 a197c81c 4a012d6e c5884a28 ccc36f71 b843c213 6c0743f1 8309893c 0feddd5f 2f7fe850 d7c07f7e 02507fbf 5afb9a04 a747d2d0 1651192e af70bf3e 58c31380 5f98302e 727cc3c4 0a0fb402 0f7fef82 8c96fdad 5d2c2aae 8ee99a49 50da88b8 8427f4a0 1eac5790 796fb449 8252dc15 efbd7d9b a672597d ada840d8 45f54504 fa5d7403 e83ec305 4f91751a 925669c2 23efe941 a903f12e 60270df2 0276e4b6 94fd6574 927985b2 8276dbcb 02778176 f8af918d 4e48f79e 8f616ddf e29d840e 842f7d83 340ce5c8 96bbb682 93b4b148 ef303cab 984faf28 779faf9b 92dc560d 224d1e20 8437aa88 7d29dc96 2756d3dc 8b907cee b51fd240 e7c07ce3 e566b4a1 c3e9615e 3cf8209d 6094d1e3 cd9ca341 5c76460e 00ea983b d4d67881 fd47572c f76cedd9 bda8229c 127dadaa 438a074e 1f97c090 081bdb8a 93a07ebe b938ca15 97b03cff 3dc2c0f8 8d1ab2ec 64380e51 68cc7bfb d90f2788 12490181 5de5ffd4 dd7ef86a 76a2e214 b9a40368 925d958f 4b39fffa ba39aee9 a4ffd30b faf7933b 6d498623 193cbcfa 27627545 825cf47a 61bd8ba0 d11e42d1 cead04f4 127ea392 10428db7 8272a972 9270c4a8 127de50b Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 4]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 285ba1c8 3c62f44f 35c0eaa5 e805d231 428929fb b4fcdf82 4fb66a53 0e7dc15b 1f081fab 108618ae fcfd086d f9ff2889 694bcc11 236a5cae 12deca4d 2c3f8cc5 d2d02dfe f8ef5896 e4cf52da 95155b67 494a488c b9b6a80c 5c8f82bc 89d36b45 3a609437 ec00c9a9 44715253 0a874b49 d773bc40 7c34671c 02717ef6 4feb5536 a2d02fff d2bf60c4 d43f03c0 50b4ef6d 07478cd1 006e1888 a2e53f55 b9e6d4bc a2048016 97573833 d7207d67 de0f8f3d 72f87b33 abcc4f33 7688c55d 7b00a6b0 947b0001 570075d2 f9bb88f8 8942019e 4264a5ff 856302e0 72dbd92b ee971b69 6ea22fde 5f08ae2b af7a616d e5c98767 cf1febd2 61efc8c2 f1ac2571 cc8239c2 67214cb8 b1e583d1 b7dc3e62 7f10bdce f90a5c38 0ff0443d 606e6dc6 60543a49 5727c148 2be98a1d 8ab41738 20e1be24 af96da0f 68458425 99833be5 600d457d 282f9350 8334b362 d91d1120 2b6d8da0 642b1e31 9c305a00 52bce688 1b03588a f7baefd5 4142ed9c a4315c11 83323ec5 dfef4636 a133c501 e9d3531c ee353783 S-Box S4 9db30420 1fb6e9de a7be7bef d273a298 4a4f7bdb 64ad8c57 85510443 fa020ed1 7e287aff e60fb663 095f35a1 79ebf120 fd059d43 6497b7b1 f3641f63 241e4adf 28147f5f 4fa2b8cd c9430040 0cc32220 fdd30b30 c0a5374f 1d2d00d9 24147b15 ee4d111a 0fca5167 71ff904c 2d195ffe 1a05645f 0c13fefe 081b08ca 05170121 80530100 e83e5efe ac9af4f8 7fe72701 d2b8ee5f 06df4261 bb9e9b8a 7293ea25 ce84ffdf f5718801 3dd64b04 a26f263b 7ed48400 547eebe6 446d4ca0 6cf3d6f5 2649abdf aea0c7f5 36338cc1 503f7e93 d3772061 11b638e1 72500e03 f80eb2bb abe0502e ec8d77de 57971e81 e14f6746 c9335400 6920318f 081dbb99 ffc304a5 4d351805 7f3d5ce3 a6c866c6 5d5bcca9 daec6fea 9f926f91 9f46222f 3991467d a5bf6d8e 1143c44f 43958302 d0214eeb 022083b8 3fb6180c 18f8931e 281658e6 26486e3e 8bd78a70 7477e4c1 b506e07c f32d0a25 79098b02 e4eabb81 28123b23 69dead38 1574ca16 df871b62 211c40b7 a51a9ef9 0014377b 041e8ac8 09114003 bd59e4d2 e3d156d5 4fe876d5 2f91a340 557be8de 00eae4a7 0ce5c2ec 4db4bba6 e756bdff dd3369ac ec17b035 06572327 99afc8b0 56c8c391 6b65811c 5e146119 6e85cb75 be07c002 c2325577 893ff4ec 5bbfc92d d0ec3b25 b7801ab7 8d6d3b24 20c763ef c366a5fc 9c382880 0ace3205 aac9548a eca1d7c7 041afa32 1d16625a 6701902c 9b757a54 31d477f7 9126b031 36cc6fdb c70b8b46 d9e66a48 56e55a79 026a4ceb 52437eff 2f8f76b4 0df980a5 8674cde3 edda04eb 17a9be04 2c18f4df b7747f9d ab2af7b4 efc34d20 2e096b7c 1741a254 e5b6a035 213d42f6 2c1c7c26 61c2f50f 6552daf9 d2c231f8 25130f69 d8167fa2 0418f2c8 001a96a6 0d1526ab 63315c21 5e0a72ec 49bafefd 187908d9 8d0dbd86 311170a7 3e9b640c cc3e10d7 d5cad3b6 0caec388 f73001e1 6c728aff 71eae2a1 1f9af36e cfcbd12f c1de8417 ac07be6b cb44a1d8 8b9b0f56 013988c3 b1c52fca b4be31cd d8782806 12a3a4e2 6f7de532 58fd7eb6 d01ee900 24adffc2 f4990fc5 9711aac5 001d7b95 82e5e7d2 109873f6 00613096 c32d9521 ada121ff 29908415 7fbb977f af9eb3db 29c9ed2a 5ce2a465 a730f32c d0aa3fe8 8a5cc091 d49e2ce7 0ce454a9 d60acd86 015f1919 77079103 dea03af6 78a8565e dee356df 21f05cbe 8b75e387 b3c50651 b8a5c3ef d8eeb6d2 e523be77 c2154529 2f69efdf afe67afb f470c4b2 f3e0eb5b d6cc9876 39e4460c 1fda8538 1987832f ca007367 a99144f8 296b299e 492fc295 9266beab b5676e69 9bd3ddda df7e052f db25701c 1b5e51ee f65324e6 6afce36c 0316cc04 8644213e b7dc59d0 7965291f ccd6fd43 41823979 932bcdf6 b657c34d 4edfd282 7ae5290c 3cb9536b 851e20fe 9833557e 13ecf0b0 d3ffb372 3f85c5c1 0aef7ed2 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 5]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 2.2 CAST-256 Notation The following notation is employed in the specification of CAST-256. Let f1, f2, f3 be as defined for CAST-128. Let BETA = (ABCD) be a 128-bit block where A, B, C and D are each 32 bits in length. Let "BETA <- Qi(BETA)" be short-hand notation for the following: C = C ^ f1(D, Kr0_(i), Km0_(i)) B = B ^ f2(C, Kr1_(i), Km1_(i)) A = A ^ f3(B, Kr2_(i), Km2_(i)) D = D ^ f1(A, Kr3_(i), Km3_(i)) Let "BETA <- QBARi(BETA)" be short-hand notation for the following: D = D ^ f1(A, Kr3_(i), Km3_(i)) A = A ^ f3(B, Kr2_(i), Km2_(i)) B = B ^ f2(C, Kr1_(i), Km1_(i)) C = C ^ f1(D, Kr0_(i), Km0_(i)) (Q(*) is called a "forward quad-round" and QBAR(*) is called a "reverse quad-round".) Let Kr_(i) = {Kr0_(i), Kr1_(i), Kr2_(i), Kr3_(i)} be the set of rotation keys for the ith quad-round, where Krj_(i) is a 5-bit rotation key for f1, f2, or f3 (as specified above). Let Km_(i) = {Km0_(i), Km1_(i), Km2_(i), Km3_(i)} be the set of masking keys for the ith quad-round, where Kmj_(i) is a 32-bit masking key for f1, f2, or f3 (as specified above). Let KAPPA = (ABCDEFGH) be a 256-bit block where A, B, ..., H are each 32 bits in length. Let "KAPPA <- Wi(KAPPA)" be short-hand notation for the following: G = G ^ f1(H, Tr0_(i), Tm0_(i)) F = F ^ f2(G, Tr1_(i), Tm1_(i)) E = E ^ f3(F, Tr2_(i), Tm2_(i)) D = D ^ f1(E, Tr3_(i), Tm3_(i)) C = C ^ f2(D, Tr4_(i), Tm4_(i)) B = B ^ f3(C, Tr5_(i), Tm5_(i)) A = A ^ f1(B, Tr6_(i), Tm6_(i)) H = H ^ f2(A, Tr7_(i), Tm7_(i)) (W(*) is called a "forward octave".) Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 6]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 Let "Kr_(i) <- KAPPA" be short-hand notation for the following: Kr0_(i) = 5LSB(A), Kr1_(i) = 5LSB(C), Kr2_(i) = 5LSB(E), Kr3_(i) = 5LSB(G) where 5LSB(x) denotes "the five least significant bits of x". Let "Km_(i) <- KAPPA" be short-hand notation for the following: Km0_(i) = H, Km1_(i) = F, Km2_(i) = D, Km3_(i) = B 2.3 The CAST-256 Cipher BETA = 128bits of plaintext. for (i=0; i<6; i++) BETA <- Qi(BETA) for (i=6; i<12; i++) BETA <- QBARi(BETA) 128bits of ciphertext = BETA Round Key Re-Ordering for Decryption The cipher employs a 256-bit primary key K. Decryption is identical to encryption except that the sets of quad-round keys Kr_(i), Km_(i) derived from K are used in reverse order as follows. for (i=0; i<12; i++) { KrNEW_(i) = Kr_(11-i) KmNEW_(i) = Km_(11-i) } 2.4 The CAST-256 Key Schedule Initialization: Cm = 2**30 * SQRT(2) = 5A827999 (base 16) Mm = 2**30 * SQRT(3) = 6ED9EBA1 (base 16) Cr = 19 Mr = 17 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 7]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 for (i=0; i<24; i++) { for (j=0; j<8; j++) { Tmj_(i) = Cm Cm = (Cm + Mm) mod 2**32 Trj_(i) = Cr Cr = (Cr + Mr) mod 32 } } Key Schedule: KAPPA = ABCDEFGH = 256 bit of primary key, K. for (i=0; i<12; i++) { KAPPA <- W2i(KAPPA) KAPPA <- W2i+1(KAPPA) Kr_(i) <- KAPPA Km_(i) <- KAPPA } Note: (|K| = 128) => (E = F = G = H = 0) (|K| = 160) => (F = G = H = 0) (|K| = 192) => (G = H = 0) (|K| = 224) => (H = 0) 3. Cipher Naming In order to avoid confusion when variable keysize operation is used, the name CAST-256 is to be considered synonymous with the name CAST6; this allows a keysize to be appended without ambiguity. Thus, for example, CAST-256 with a 192-bit key is to be referred to as CAST6- 192; where a 256-bit key is explicitly intended, the name CAST6-256 should be used. 4. Cipher Usage The CAST-256 cipher described in this document is available worldwide on a royalty-free and licence-free basis for commercial and non- commercial uses. 5. Security Considerations This entire memo is about security since it describes an algorithm which is specifically intended for cryptographic purposes. Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 8]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 6. References [1] Adams, C., "The CAST-128 Encryption Algorithm", RFC 2144, May 1997. 7. Authors' Addresses Carlisle Adams Entrust Technologies 750 Heron Road, Suite E08 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1V 1A7 Phone: 613-247-3180 Fax: 613-247-3690 EMail: carlisle.adams@entrust.com Jeff Gilchrist Entrust Technologies 750 Heron Road, Suite E08 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1V 1A7 Phone: 613-248-3074 Fax: 613-247-3450 EMail: jeff.gilchrist@entrust.com Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 9]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 Appendix A: Test Vectors Intermediate Values Known Answer Test. The data listed is: KEYSIZE=the current key length in bits KEY=the key in hexadecimal format PT=the plaintext to be encrypted R=the quad-round number (1 to 12) ROTK1,ROTK2,ROTK3,ROTK4=the rotation keys for the current quad-round MASK1,MASK2,MASK3,MASK4=the masking keys for the current quad-round OUT=the output of the quad-round CT=the ciphertext corresponding to the given plaintext. For each key size, an encryption and the corresponding decryption are shown. KEYSIZE=128 KEY=2342bb9efa38542c0af75647f29f615d PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 R=1 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=1d ROTK3=18 ROTK4=06 MASK1=f364d7f9 MASK2=233500c0 MASK3=83cee501 MASK4=01f857c6 OUT=e2c604af966715811b377f12de19e459 R=2 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=18 ROTK3=13 ROTK4=02 MASK1=ae877786 MASK2=ef78852e MASK3=0aa1c41f MASK4=a28ec9c4 OUT=5375c3be208f38eed0419d98f50dd9b3 R=3 ROTK1=02 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0b MASK1=a3eedefb MASK2=ac426ecf MASK3=2e8220ec MASK4=cd92c34a OUT=732e4ec0f205e39afaf407c956d83728 R=4 ROTK1=0d ROTK2=1d ROTK3=04 ROTK4=12 MASK1=3046827f MASK2=568ab6b9 MASK3=b86e7c10 MASK4=ef290a58 OUT=af23fd837033dc81a60be8a69865c543 R=5 ROTK1=01 ROTK2=14 ROTK3=0c ROTK4=06 MASK1=302e76c3 MASK2=cf429964 MASK3=e9ecad47 MASK4=8850a515 OUT=8b5e011401e1124f731135fa780c59ef R=6 ROTK1=17 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=0e ROTK4=09 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 10]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 MASK1=bb903fdc MASK2=a9915d2f MASK3=0974e50a MASK4=0c1708f1 OUT=bdea3985cd08c7902096561b76f20944 R=7 ROTK1=03 ROTK2=13 ROTK3=07 ROTK4=0e MASK1=13330f06 MASK2=5e1906f5 MASK3=fb2bce75 MASK4=8331aed4 OUT=438053fe465c299bcb35f273b10ea71a R=8 ROTK1=07 ROTK2=02 ROTK3=14 ROTK4=14 MASK1=a29189c1 MASK2=d1aeff98 MASK3=c9b55ba7 MASK4=c149f70c OUT=172c3a9a2791509d5939f58b703f2533 R=9 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=08 ROTK3=1f ROTK4=1f MASK1=5687e118 MASK2=bc4f5d80 MASK3=cca4c042 MASK4=bab3fb68 OUT=79178d5f90187732f8007fd3884cc309 R=10 ROTK1=15 ROTK2=12 ROTK3=04 ROTK4=0f MASK1=cdb18671 MASK2=f06a3c64 MASK3=0c7031f9 MASK4=7dfbff4e OUT=e9e2b1f23e82479baec3b3b35fdf890f R=11 ROTK1=1f ROTK2=1a ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0e MASK1=317654b5 MASK2=a1433222 MASK3=f6d8c69f MASK4=304dfbeb OUT=1f3270101b2b38adc4818ca2aafc334a R=12 ROTK1=0b ROTK2=11 ROTK3=0f ROTK4=18 MASK1=9339b14f MASK2=971d14bb MASK3=f3b7ca97 MASK4=2b8a06f9 OUT=c842a08972b43d20836c91d1b7530f6b CT=c842a08972b43d20836c91d1b7530f6b R=1 ROTK1=0b ROTK2=11 ROTK3=0f ROTK4=18 MASK1=9339b14f MASK2=971d14bb MASK3=f3b7ca97 MASK4=2b8a06f9 OUT=1f3270101b2b38adc4818ca2aafc334a R=2 ROTK1=1f ROTK2=1a ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0e MASK1=317654b5 MASK2=a1433222 MASK3=f6d8c69f MASK4=304dfbeb OUT=e9e2b1f23e82479baec3b3b35fdf890f R=3 ROTK1=15 ROTK2=12 ROTK3=04 ROTK4=0f MASK1=cdb18671 MASK2=f06a3c64 MASK3=0c7031f9 MASK4=7dfbff4e Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 11]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 OUT=79178d5f90187732f8007fd3884cc309 R=4 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=08 ROTK3=1f ROTK4=1f MASK1=5687e118 MASK2=bc4f5d80 MASK3=cca4c042 MASK4=bab3fb68 OUT=172c3a9a2791509d5939f58b703f2533 R=5 ROTK1=07 ROTK2=02 ROTK3=14 ROTK4=14 MASK1=a29189c1 MASK2=d1aeff98 MASK3=c9b55ba7 MASK4=c149f70c OUT=438053fe465c299bcb35f273b10ea71a R=6 ROTK1=03 ROTK2=13 ROTK3=07 ROTK4=0e MASK1=13330f06 MASK2=5e1906f5 MASK3=fb2bce75 MASK4=8331aed4 OUT=bdea3985cd08c7902096561b76f20944 R=7 ROTK1=17 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=0e ROTK4=09 MASK1=bb903fdc MASK2=a9915d2f MASK3=0974e50a MASK4=0c1708f1 OUT=8b5e011401e1124f731135fa780c59ef R=8 ROTK1=01 ROTK2=14 ROTK3=0c ROTK4=06 MASK1=302e76c3 MASK2=cf429964 MASK3=e9ecad47 MASK4=8850a515 OUT=af23fd837033dc81a60be8a69865c543 R=9 ROTK1=0d ROTK2=1d ROTK3=04 ROTK4=12 MASK1=3046827f MASK2=568ab6b9 MASK3=b86e7c10 MASK4=ef290a58 OUT=732e4ec0f205e39afaf407c956d83728 R=10 ROTK1=02 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0b MASK1=a3eedefb MASK2=ac426ecf MASK3=2e8220ec MASK4=cd92c34a OUT=5375c3be208f38eed0419d98f50dd9b3 R=11 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=18 ROTK3=13 ROTK4=02 MASK1=ae877786 MASK2=ef78852e MASK3=0aa1c41f MASK4=a28ec9c4 OUT=e2c604af966715811b377f12de19e459 R=12 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=1d ROTK3=18 ROTK4=06 MASK1=f364d7f9 MASK2=233500c0 MASK3=83cee501 MASK4=01f857c6 OUT=00000000000000000000000000000000 PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 12]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 ========== KEYSIZE=192 KEY=2342bb9efa38542cbed0ac83940ac298bac77a7717942863 PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 R=1 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=1a ROTK3=1b ROTK4=16 MASK1=21daa501 MASK2=fcdfc612 MASK3=62f629b3 MASK4=9ec93bfa OUT=4d468c8ca43c1ab66eae0bb9062fe876 R=2 ROTK1=1a ROTK2=1d ROTK3=19 ROTK4=1f MASK1=d7f04aaf MASK2=76a4b0c2 MASK3=7364327b MASK4=fe0602c3 OUT=1fd808cfd82ac7354728e719a4cc0ebe R=3 ROTK1=13 ROTK2=19 ROTK3=15 ROTK4=18 MASK1=c5b5a24e MASK2=20577cc0 MASK3=e58b12aa MASK4=a87da0f1 OUT=d3507d51934db5335cebdbb550b774b6 R=4 ROTK1=0f ROTK2=00 ROTK3=15 ROTK4=08 MASK1=5b1b847c MASK2=3d700297 MASK3=310383e1 MASK4=a1a19785 OUT=fab3a20243c1c67bf1759f40c4b732e8 R=5 ROTK1=01 ROTK2=0f ROTK3=0f ROTK4=11 MASK1=34422fa1 MASK2=745d0d3c MASK3=0804535e MASK4=42de73d8 OUT=cf003a27ba91d2346ddfa8ec76bdf029 R=6 ROTK1=06 ROTK2=10 ROTK3=06 ROTK4=07 MASK1=ae5e85f6 MASK2=d1f789b0 MASK3=e2113794 MASK4=db8768c0 OUT=b4fb78a74bbacccbfa45c36c23ed997e R=7 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=08 ROTK4=1f MASK1=1a000d83 MASK2=dc6d0e51 MASK3=3b65ccaf MASK4=b0470998 OUT=1cedb6d94abb223765f0fb9364a8f07f R=8 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=0a ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0d MASK1=d500ec2c MASK2=77e23f6f MASK3=3d1422b2 MASK4=0e4c04aa OUT=b3289009a03b021d54cec6628712c165 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 13]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 R=9 ROTK1=1b ROTK2=0d ROTK3=0b ROTK4=14 MASK1=f9b1a192 MASK2=aded6200 MASK3=0fc10d02 MASK4=d8bdb797 OUT=a4d8f6d0abd8613d241fff3c2ba02882 R=10 ROTK1=17 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=1c ROTK4=17 MASK1=a81550e2 MASK2=44e56b22 MASK3=ac97284c MASK4=e1021ad2 OUT=61a3f74a9a5da18d53a25ce8f3302357 R=11 ROTK1=19 ROTK2=1e ROTK3=11 ROTK4=02 MASK1=b09d0346 MASK2=15167c69 MASK3=19990bbd MASK4=a9258551 OUT=ca5ad45111a662f740c9a94b1d43dfb6 R=12 ROTK1=10 ROTK2=0d ROTK3=08 ROTK4=01 MASK1=69d0c348 MASK2=c8a3d81d MASK3=d2714d62 MASK4=8cc3f35a OUT=1b386c0210dcadcbdd0e41aa08a7a7e8 CT=1b386c0210dcadcbdd0e41aa08a7a7e8 R=1 ROTK1=10 ROTK2=0d ROTK3=08 ROTK4=01 MASK1=69d0c348 MASK2=c8a3d81d MASK3=d2714d62 MASK4=8cc3f35a OUT=ca5ad45111a662f740c9a94b1d43dfb6 R=2 ROTK1=19 ROTK2=1e ROTK3=11 ROTK4=02 MASK1=b09d0346 MASK2=15167c69 MASK3=19990bbd MASK4=a9258551 OUT=61a3f74a9a5da18d53a25ce8f3302357 R=3 ROTK1=17 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=1c ROTK4=17 MASK1=a81550e2 MASK2=44e56b22 MASK3=ac97284c MASK4=e1021ad2 OUT=a4d8f6d0abd8613d241fff3c2ba02882 R=4 ROTK1=1b ROTK2=0d ROTK3=0b ROTK4=14 MASK1=f9b1a192 MASK2=aded6200 MASK3=0fc10d02 MASK4=d8bdb797 OUT=b3289009a03b021d54cec6628712c165 R=5 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=0a ROTK3=01 ROTK4=0d MASK1=d500ec2c MASK2=77e23f6f MASK3=3d1422b2 MASK4=0e4c04aa OUT=1cedb6d94abb223765f0fb9364a8f07f Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 14]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 R=6 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=1d ROTK3=08 ROTK4=1f MASK1=1a000d83 MASK2=dc6d0e51 MASK3=3b65ccaf MASK4=b0470998 OUT=b4fb78a74bbacccbfa45c36c23ed997e R=7 ROTK1=06 ROTK2=10 ROTK3=06 ROTK4=07 MASK1=ae5e85f6 MASK2=d1f789b0 MASK3=e2113794 MASK4=db8768c0 OUT=cf003a27ba91d2346ddfa8ec76bdf029 R=8 ROTK1=01 ROTK2=0f ROTK3=0f ROTK4=11 MASK1=34422fa1 MASK2=745d0d3c MASK3=0804535e MASK4=42de73d8 OUT=fab3a20243c1c67bf1759f40c4b732e8 R=9 ROTK1=0f ROTK2=00 ROTK3=15 ROTK4=08 MASK1=5b1b847c MASK2=3d700297 MASK3=310383e1 MASK4=a1a19785 OUT=d3507d51934db5335cebdbb550b774b6 R=10 ROTK1=13 ROTK2=19 ROTK3=15 ROTK4=18 MASK1=c5b5a24e MASK2=20577cc0 MASK3=e58b12aa MASK4=a87da0f1 OUT=1fd808cfd82ac7354728e719a4cc0ebe R=11 ROTK1=1a ROTK2=1d ROTK3=19 ROTK4=1f MASK1=d7f04aaf MASK2=76a4b0c2 MASK3=7364327b MASK4=fe0602c3 OUT=4d468c8ca43c1ab66eae0bb9062fe876 R=12 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=1a ROTK3=1b ROTK4=16 MASK1=21daa501 MASK2=fcdfc612 MASK3=62f629b3 MASK4=9ec93bfa OUT=00000000000000000000000000000000 PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 ========== KEYSIZE=256 KEY=2342bb9efa38542cbed0ac83940ac2988d7c47ce264908461cc1b5137ae6b604 PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 15]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 R=1 ROTK1=08 ROTK2=12 ROTK3=0e ROTK4=17 MASK1=420b1cef MASK2=03f07e80 MASK3=cd2ab3ee MASK4=15371a16 OUT=f6c3b9a6ffd8a31ce04dbcf7772f1536 R=2 ROTK1=0a ROTK2=04 ROTK3=01 ROTK4=13 MASK1=bc6025e3 MASK2=d54f5aba MASK3=17fa667a MASK4=bb8a840e OUT=9477ef6fd7d6fce3dcaa27d6132465ee R=3 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=0d ROTK3=10 ROTK4=01 MASK1=446c0950 MASK2=b4542da0 MASK3=523baa91 MASK4=4a914503 OUT=c056ec5748ecd90f992cf07f3529160f R=4 ROTK1=15 ROTK2=0e ROTK3=0d ROTK4=09 MASK1=4106d4de MASK2=9ce441e7 MASK3=2c390c3b MASK4=52d1b516 OUT=7bcc57d80603b6c7b9ca75eea5cb1c2d R=5 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=16 ROTK3=08 ROTK4=16 MASK1=2827db72 MASK2=7920623f MASK3=10948a1a MASK4=b639f290 OUT=d62686a2b01d11837fb6a46c79fc1816 R=6 ROTK1=1f ROTK2=11 ROTK3=17 ROTK4=0a MASK1=85fcd124 MASK2=c567c5fe MASK3=a4113025 MASK4=ce949239 OUT=1b03a108d6f1878e03a62e72c9c97662 R=7 ROTK1=1d ROTK2=06 ROTK3=0b ROTK4=1c MASK1=c0e98900 MASK2=8832532c MASK3=d7403525 MASK4=26ed4609 OUT=b11d972f22ed26d085189ca3b6c79d36 R=8 ROTK1=0b ROTK2=04 ROTK3=0e ROTK4=19 MASK1=69b1d027 MASK2=e628d930 MASK3=4904b3cd MASK4=51fad71a OUT=4265774a393a8a32ed78c5c1571893e4 R=9 ROTK1=1a ROTK2=0f ROTK3=09 ROTK4=10 MASK1=4b81b846 MASK2=9f1d941b MASK3=ebb8fe8a MASK4=6616847e OUT=f4f1322a076d4f5eb2d14dc75815ccf1 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 16]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 R=10 ROTK1=1b ROTK2=00 ROTK3=01 ROTK4=01 MASK1=2cf3fd07 MASK2=75580ec1 MASK3=513614b9 MASK4=478097ef OUT=57c3a554eafe71dc6a33fe0bda83f566 R=11 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=0b ROTK3=1b ROTK4=1f MASK1=4fdf26fe MASK2=a4850785 MASK3=615eadd0 MASK4=9b507d47 OUT=dd9940f4f2e1786ab6f2bdee519a407e R=12 ROTK1=0f ROTK2=09 ROTK3=1d ROTK4=02 MASK1=4bd673d3 MASK2=36399d66 MASK3=63385006 MASK4=0579675f OUT=4f6a2038286897b9c9870136553317fa CT=4f6a2038286897b9c9870136553317fa R=1 ROTK1=0f ROTK2=09 ROTK3=1d ROTK4=02 MASK1=4bd673d3 MASK2=36399d66 MASK3=63385006 MASK4=0579675f OUT=dd9940f4f2e1786ab6f2bdee519a407e R=2 ROTK1=1c ROTK2=0b ROTK3=1b ROTK4=1f MASK1=4fdf26fe MASK2=a4850785 MASK3=615eadd0 MASK4=9b507d47 OUT=57c3a554eafe71dc6a33fe0bda83f566 R=3 ROTK1=1b ROTK2=00 ROTK3=01 ROTK4=01 MASK1=2cf3fd07 MASK2=75580ec1 MASK3=513614b9 MASK4=478097ef OUT=f4f1322a076d4f5eb2d14dc75815ccf1 R=4 ROTK1=1a ROTK2=0f ROTK3=09 ROTK4=10 MASK1=4b81b846 MASK2=9f1d941b MASK3=ebb8fe8a MASK4=6616847e OUT=4265774a393a8a32ed78c5c1571893e4 R=5 ROTK1=0b ROTK2=04 ROTK3=0e ROTK4=19 MASK1=69b1d027 MASK2=e628d930 MASK3=4904b3cd MASK4=51fad71a OUT=b11d972f22ed26d085189ca3b6c79d36 R=6 ROTK1=1d ROTK2=06 ROTK3=0b ROTK4=1c MASK1=c0e98900 MASK2=8832532c MASK3=d7403525 MASK4=26ed4609 OUT=1b03a108d6f1878e03a62e72c9c97662 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 17]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 R=7 ROTK1=1f ROTK2=11 ROTK3=17 ROTK4=0a MASK1=85fcd124 MASK2=c567c5fe MASK3=a4113025 MASK4=ce949239 OUT=d62686a2b01d11837fb6a46c79fc1816 R=8 ROTK1=09 ROTK2=16 ROTK3=08 ROTK4=16 MASK1=2827db72 MASK2=7920623f MASK3=10948a1a MASK4=b639f290 OUT=7bcc57d80603b6c7b9ca75eea5cb1c2d R=9 ROTK1=15 ROTK2=0e ROTK3=0d ROTK4=09 MASK1=4106d4de MASK2=9ce441e7 MASK3=2c390c3b MASK4=52d1b516 OUT=c056ec5748ecd90f992cf07f3529160f R=10 ROTK1=1e ROTK2=0d ROTK3=10 ROTK4=01 MASK1=446c0950 MASK2=b4542da0 MASK3=523baa91 MASK4=4a914503 OUT=9477ef6fd7d6fce3dcaa27d6132465ee R=11 ROTK1=0a ROTK2=04 ROTK3=01 ROTK4=13 MASK1=bc6025e3 MASK2=d54f5aba MASK3=17fa667a MASK4=bb8a840e OUT=f6c3b9a6ffd8a31ce04dbcf7772f1536 R=12 ROTK1=08 ROTK2=12 ROTK3=0e ROTK4=17 MASK1=420b1cef MASK2=03f07e80 MASK3=cd2ab3ee MASK4=15371a16 OUT=00000000000000000000000000000000 PT=00000000000000000000000000000000 Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 18]
RFC 2612 The CAST-256 Encryption Algorithm June 1999 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Adams & Gilchrist Informational [Page 19]

   

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